Melasma is a common pigmentation disorder that causes brown or gray patches to appear on the skin, primarily on the face. The most common areas for melasma to appear on the face include the bridge of the nose. the forehead. the cheeks.
Frequently Asked Questions
Birth control pills, pregnancy, and hormone therapy can all trigger melasma. Stress and thyroid disease are also thought to be causes of melasma. Additionally, sun exposure can cause melasma because ultraviolet rays affect the cells that control pigment (melanocytes).
Most people with melasma do not need treatment. Melasma may fade away slowly if you stop taking birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy. If melasma appeared while you were pregnant, it may go away a few months after you have the baby. If melasma doesn’t fade or it bothers you, it can be treated.
Melasma appears darker than the surrounding skin- affecting the cheeks, forehead, upper lip, nose, and chin. It can also affect other areas of the body exposed to the sun, such as the forearms and neck. Areas of melasma are flat, not raised.